On 19-20 March, the University of Toronto, together with the Heinrich Boell Foundation, the Friedrich Ebert Foundation, the Gerda Henkel Foundation and the German Academic Exchange Service, organized an excellent conference on “Twenty Years After: Dealing with the Heritage of Communism” in which I also participated. Organized by Thomas Grossbolting, the visiting DAAD professor at the University of Toronto, the conference was very well attended. Among the other participants were Marianne Birthler, the Federal Commissioner of the Stasi Files, Goran Lindbland, member of the Swedish Riksdag and the Council of Europe, James McAdams, the William M. Scholl Professor of International Affairs and Director of the Nanovic Institute for European Studies at the University of Notre Dame, Pavel Zacek, director of the Office for the Documentation and the Investigation of the Crimes of the Communist Police of the Czech Republic, Carlos Fuentes and Cath Collins of Universidad Diego Portales, Chile, and Charles Villa-Vicenzio, the former Director of Research of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of South Africa.